Aruch Chapter 676:
The Order of the Blessings and the
Lighting (5 Paragraphs)
Note: REMA in Brackets [ ]
1. When we light on the
first night, we recite three blessings: "... to light the Chanukah
candles" (להדליק נר של חנוכה), "... who performed miracles for our
forefathers ..." (שעשה נסים), and "... who kept us alive ..."
(שהחיינו). If you did not recite the blessings on the first
night, you may recite them on the second night or whatever night you
2. After the first night,
you recite two blessings: "... to light the Chanukah candles" (להדליק
נר של חנוכה), and "... who performed miracles for our forefathers ..."
(שעשה נסים). [You should recite all the blessings before you
begin to light.]
3. Consider the case
where one did not light the Chanukah candles and in the future one is
not going to light on that night, even in his household. When he
sees Chanukah candles he should recite the blessing "... who
performed miracles for our forefathers ..." (שעשה נסים) and on the
first night he should also recite the blessing of "... who kept us
alive ..." (שהחיינו). If afterwards on the second or third night
he lights the Chanukah candles, he does not repeat the blessing of "...
who kept us alive ..."שהחיינו
4. After you light the
candles, you say "these candles we light on the deliverances, on the
miracles and on the wonders that you performed..הנרות הללו אנו מדליקין
5. One should begin the
lighting on the first night by placing the first candle on the right
most side. On the second night when one adds another candle next
to it, one should start the lighting starting from the left in order to
turn to the right. The same applies on the third night.
When one adds another candle near the first two, he begins lighting
from the added candle and afterwards he turns (his attention) to the
right side. Similarly, after every night one always makes the
blessing first on the extra candle that one adds to the Menorah (for
that night). On the later nights, the Menorah gets fuller.
Aruch Chapter 677:
The Law of a Guest on Chanukah (4
Note: REMA in Brackets [ ]
1. A guest who does not
light Chanukah candles in his own house must give a penny (פרוטה) to
the host of the home he is staying in to partner with him in the
ownership of the oil used for the Chanukah lamps. If the room he
dwells in has a doorway (outside) that is open to him, he must light at
that doorway even though that this house is not his real residence but
he merely sleeps there and eats at the table of his host (1). The
same applies to a son who eats by his father. [Some say that in
our time where we actually light indoors, he should light in the place
where he eats and such is our custom.]
2. A child who reached
the age of teaching must light Chanukah candles.
3. There are those who
state that even if one will light Chanukah candles in his home, if he
now is an location where there are no Jews, he lights there with all
the blessings. [For one is obligated to see the candles and such is our
custom even if he is next to Jews and the candles are visible. If
one wishes to be strict and to light a second time for himself, he
lights and makes a blessing over them and such is our custom (2).]
4. If one has leftover
oil on the eighth night that was included in the amount needed for
lighting, one should make it into a torch and burn it by itself.
The reason is that the oil was set aside for the Mitzvah (3) . If
it became mixed with other oil and was not diluted by a factor of sixty
to one, there are those who state that one does not need to dilute it.
(1) The M.B. states that the reason is that he may forget to light
(2) He is speaking about a case when he lit once for all the
members of his household but did not have himself in mind so he can
light a second time only for himself.
(3) The oil is holy since it was set aside for the Mitzvah of
Chanukah and can not be used for another purpose.
(4) M.B: Some say that Rabbinically prohibited items are
permitted if they become mixed with something else.
Translated by Dr. Jay Dinovitser D.O.
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