Aruch Chapter 678:
The Shabbat Candles Take Priority Over
the Chanukah Candles (1 Paragraph)
Note: The REMA is in Brackets [ ]
1. One who has
insufficient means to purchase both Chanukah
Candles and Shabbat Candles should purchase Shabbat Candles because
(they bring about) peace in one's household (1) [see
263:3]. If one already owns Shabbat Candles but only has enough
means to either purchase wine for the Shabbat Kiddish (קידוש) or
Chanukah candles, one should purchase Chanukah candles since it
involves showing off the miracle. [Similarly, Chanukah candles
come before the wine of Havdalah
(הבדלה). See 296:5.]
(1) The M.B. states that if one has 2 candles, one
should be used for
the Shabbat and the other should be used for Chanukah.
Shulchan Aruch Chapter 679:
No Title (1 Paragraph)
1. On the eve of Shabbat
we light the Chanukah candles first and then light the Shabbat
candles. [We recite the blessing over them just like we do during
the week even though we light them while the day is still strong. (2)]
(2) The M.B. writes that according to many of the later
Sages the Chanukah candles must burn half an hour after the stars come
out. Since on Shabbat, we light the Chanukah candles very early,
at least one of the candles must be big enough to burn from that time
until a half an hour after the stars come out.
Aruch Chapter 680:
To Not Place the Candles Near the Door
On The Eve of Shabbat (2 Paragraphs)
1. On the Eve of Shabbat,
it is necessary to place something outdoors between the Chanukah
candles and the door in order to shield it from a draft so that the
candles should not be extinguished when the door is closed.
2. On the Eve of Shabbat
it is prohibited to attach the candles to the door itself (3)
but there are some who permit it (see 277:1).
(3) The M.B. writes that the reason is when the door is
open and closed, the oil in the Chanukah lamps will either flow to the
wick or flow away from the wick and the fire will increase or
decrease. This is prohibited on the Shabbat.
Aruch Chapter 681:
One May Not Use the Chanukah Candles
For Havdalah (הבדלה) After
Shabbat is Over (2 Paragraphs)
Note: REMA in Brackets [ ]
1. When Shabbat is
concluded, we don't perform the Havdalah
(הבדלה) ceremony over them because it is forbidden to benefit from the
Chanukah candles. We also do not make the blessing over the (Havdalah) candle until it is
2. In the Synagogue, we
light the Chanukah candles before performing the Havdalah (הבדלה) ceremony.
[Certainly in the home, one does the same and lights the Chanukah
candles before Havdalah
(הבדלה) since one already witnessed Havdalah
(הבדלה) in the Synagogue.]
Translated by Dr. Jay Dinovitser D.O.
Free For Personal Use Only 12/09
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